Butters: What are they?
Butters are fats that tend to be solid at room temperature but we use them in much the same way as Carrier Oils.
Because Essential Oils are fat-soluble and mix well in fat solutions, we (and others) use to help “carry” Essential Oils. Not to forget that Butters have their own properties as well, being derived from vegetarian sources.
Why do Essential Oils need Butters or Carrier Oils?
Because they should rarely, if ever, be used in incredibly high doses or pure. Much like many of our products, a little Essential Oil goes a long way!
There are different Butters that can be used; it really depends what you are trying to achieve as to which you might select. We use a range in our products depending on the usage; for example we use Shea Butter which is a household name due to its well-known moisturising and nourishing properties. And we also use Bacuri Butter, which is a favourite skin care and pain remedy of the Brazilians.
So in short, how do Essential Oils, Carrier Oils and Butters differ?
Carrier Oils tend to be extracted from nuts, seeds or fruit through cold processing / pressing. They tend not to have any smell, or only a very slight smell, and are quite thick in consistency.
Butters tend to also be extracted from nuts, seeds or fruit through cold processing / pressing. They tend to have a unique aroma, and are solid at room temperature.
Essential Oils tend to be extracted from plants or shrubs through distillation (water or steam usually). The parts of the plant might include: roots, bark, stems, leaves, flowers. Essential Oils tend to be very aromatic, and are much thinner than Carrier Oils in their consistency.
Read more about the Butters we use here at Oomeo: